Between the Lines Book Club: The Invention of Wings, by

between the lines book club logoWe had a great time last weekend at Arden Dimick Library talking about The Orphan Master’s Son.  Our November book is The Invention of Wings, by Sue Monk Kidd.  We will meet in person to discuss this book on November 16.  We meet in the community room of Arden Dimick Library, in Sacramento.  Join us!

The Invention of Wings is described thusly:

Hetty “Handful” Grimke, an urban slave in early nineteenth century Charleston, yearns for life beyond the suffocating walls that enclose her within the wealthy Grimke household. The Grimkes’ daughter, Sarah, has known from an early age she is meant to do something large in the world, but she is hemmed in by the limits imposed on women.

Sue Monk Kidd’s sweeping new novel is set in motion on Sarah’s eleventh birthday in 1803, when she is given ownership of ten-year-old Handful, who is to be her waiting maid. We follow their remarkable journeys over the next thirty-five years, as both strive for a life of their own, dramatically shaping each other’s destinies and forming a complex relationship marked by guilt, defiance, estrangement, and the uneasy ways of love.

As the stories build to a riveting climax, Handful will endure loss and sorrow, finding courage and a sense of self in the process. Sarah will experience crushed hopes, betrayal, unrequited love, and ostracism before leaving Charleston to find her place alongside her fearless younger sister, Angelina, as one of the early pioneers in the abolition and women’s rights movements.

Inspired in part by the historical figure of Sarah Grimke, Kidd goes beyond the record to flesh out the rich interior lives of all of her characters, both real and invented, including Handful’s cunning mother, Charlotte, who courts danger in search for something better, and Charlotte’s lover, Denmark Vesey, a charismatic free black man who is planning insurrection.

This exquisitely written novel is a triumph of storytelling that looks with unswerving eyes at one of the most devastating wounds in American history, through women whose struggles for liberation, empowerment, and expression will leave no reader unmoved.

During the next couple of weeks I’ll be blogging about sue Monk Kidd and about the real-life Sarah Grimke.  Stay tuned, and happy reading!


Book Review: The Uninvited Guests, by Sadie Jones

cover of The Uninvited GuestsThe Uninvited Guests is one of those books that clearly is speculative fiction but that lands on “literary fiction” shelves instead.  I like the fact that this book can be read many ways – as fantasy, as horror, as magical realism, and as historical fiction.  It’s weird and dark and atmospheric and perfect for October – plus it’s a delight for fans of Downton Abbey, since it’s set in that era and pays much attention to the niceties of upper class country life.  The tone is different, though – this book is very much about the costs of that life and how disproportionally they fall upon some people.

The family in The Uninvited Guests is presented with a conundrum – they want to live an upper class life (the mother, Charlotte, longs for a life of “dignity”) but they have a middle class background and income.  Charlotte, a widow who recently remarried, is devastated at the thought of losing her large house in the country, which the family cannot afford.  Charlotte’s new husband, Edward, goes to London to try to borrow money to save the house while the rest of the family prepare for the oldest daughter’s twentieth birthday (her name is Emerald).

So, the mood is already one of melancholy and desperation cloaked in madcap festivities when a crowd of drab, voiceless people shuffles up to the house out of the fog, like zombies.  Apparently there’s been “a dreadful accident” on the railway and the survivors have been sent to the estate for shelter.  They are all third class passengers.  Charlotte could not be more horrified if they really were zombies, and the rest of the family is almost as unsympathetic.

The remainder of the book spirals into more and more manic combinations of romance, bitterness, grief, cruelty and redemption, and mystery.  Why can’t they reach the railway on the phone?  Who is the one survivor who claims to be a first class passenger, and who claims to know Charlotte?  Why does the number of passengers seem to be growing larger?  And why on Earth is the youngest child trying to get a horse into her room?

Ultimately this book is about a lot of things – clothes and elaborate hairdos, and how incredibly difficult it is to make a fancy dinner for a party of seven, and the high cost of living.  It’s also about the sacrifices we make for family and the things we refuse to give up, the casual cruelties we practice and whether those cruelties can be redeemed by kindness.  It’s about class, and gender, and selfishness and  loss and hope.  Much like Emerald’s party, it appears to be  a light diversion and turns into a complicated mess – but a well-crafted, revealing mess.  This is a book that I suspect benefits by being read again and I’m looking forward to doing so!


Kathleen Hale and #GamerGate – A Comparison of Bullies

whale bullies cartoon

There are two things going on in the online world now that overlap in bizarre and, I think, spectacularly misunderstood ways. Kathleen Hale, an author, wrote an essay in which she describes stalking a reviewer, Blythe Harris, who gave her a bad review. Meanwhile users of the #GamerGate hashtag have bullied women who make and comment on video games. For instance, game designer and writer Brianna Wu was forced to flee from her home after her personal information, including her address, was released on Twitter and a commenter threatened to kill her. Rather than rehash the background of these events, which have been written about extensively elsewhere, here’s a few links to get you caught up if you aren’t familiar with the stories. Here’s a link to Katherine Hale’s Guardian article and an article by Dear Author that does some fact checking on Hale’s story. And here’s some background on Gamer Gate. Caught up? Grossed out? Sorry about that.

I was absolutely appalled by Hale’s story of stalking a reviewer. I’m an author and a reviewer and from both perspectives I was horrified by Hale’s behavior. I’m also horrified by Wu’s experiences with harassment, and would like to offer any support that I can. Hale claims to be a victim of bullying who wants to hold her bully accountable. Brianna Wu claims to be a victim of bullying who wants to hold her bully accountable. Why do I condemn Hale and support Wu, given that I have no tolerance for bullies whatsoever? Let’s compare.

Let me start by stating that I’m using Wu as an example of a woman targeted by #GamerGate. Sadly, her case is not an isolated one.   Wu has written extensively about her experience online and remains active on Twitter. I’ll also state that with the exception of the fact-checking I linked to above, I’m basing my opinion of Hale’s actions strictly on her own account of what transpired. Even if Harris did bully Hale to a far greater extent than Hale reveals, Hale’s actions would be unconscionable and unwise. I hope this will be evident when I contrast Hale’s approach to dealing with a “bully” to Wu’s.

The most obvious difference between Hale and Wu is that Hale didn’t provide any actual evidence of being bullied in her article for the Guardian. She referred to “vitriol” and “ridicule” but she didn’t give any examples. The quotes she provided from Harris’ review are scathing, but not bullying. They refer to problems Harris had with the actual book as opposed to ad hominem attacks on the author. As an example of what I mean, here’s a quote Hale uses from the review:

“Fuck this,” it said. “I think this book is awfully written and offensive; its execution in regards to all aspects is horrible and honestly, nonexistent.”

That’s not bullying. That’s a scathing review. It’s very negative, yes, but it doesn’t attack Hale personally. It attacks the book. It’s framed as an opinion (“I think” and it’s specific in its criticism. As an author, I would be sad and disappointed to get this review, but I wouldn’t feel bullied. Here’s an example of bullying from my own twitter feed, from someone using the #GamerGate hashtag: “You’re dead. Go get murdered”.

The difference between “Fuck This. I think this book is awfully written and offensive” and “Go get murdered” isn’t about vitriol or danger. The difference is about target. Harris, by Hale’s own account, attacks the book. The person who sent me the above tweet attacked me, personally, with an attempt to personally demean me. The tweet didn’t address any particular issue or argument. It was just an attempt to make me feel bad and maybe to scare me, although I wouldn’t say it qualifies as a death threat. It’s more of a death suggestion.

The closest thing that Hale provided that would be evidence of bullying is that Hale claims that Harris criticized the book for making light of rape even though, according to Hale, there’s no rape in her book. This cast Harris as a person who lied just to make an author look bad. However, a quick fact check reveals that there is statutory rape in the book and that Harris specifically described the rape as statutory in her review. Hale also complained that Harris responded to her tweets with “ridicule”, but she didn’t provide any examples. I don’t know anything about Harris. For all I know, she could have sent unconscionable tweets. But based on Hale’s own account, I have no reason to think so, because Harris chose not to provide examples. In fact, since several things Hale said were inaccurate (her claim that the review constitutes trolling, her claim that her book did not include rape, and her use of the word “catfishing”) I have every reason to doubt her entire account.

In contrast, when Brianna Wu fled her home, she provided a screenshot of the tweets that caused her to call the police. I have decided not to embed the tweets in this article because frankly they make me physically ill. But if you’d like to see them, you can find them, as well as some background about the case, at I don’t have to wonder how mean people are to Brianna – I know. She didn’t make vague allegations. She provided specific examples. So have many other women who have been targeted by #GamerGate. So have journalists who have covered the issue. While some people argue that #GamerGate stands for something other than misogyny, the fact that some people use #GamerGate to bully is an established fact, not a hypothetical possibility.

Another difference between Brianna Wu and Hale is that Hale not only failed to use legal means to protect herself from her perceived bully, but she actually sought out her bully directly. By her own admission, she pursued contact with Blythe long after Blythe blocked her. She was desperate to have a conversation, but she didn’t seem to understand that she’s not entitled to one. She wanted to hold her “bully” accountable – how? By exposing Blythe’s identity? By terrifying her by calling her at home and at work? Hale stalked Blythe online, at her residence, and at her workplace. This is terrifying behavior. It doesn’t expose Blythe as a bully. It exposes Hale as a predator.

Hale claims that Harris was catfishing her. Catfishing is the creation of an online identity with the intent to lure someone into a relationship (usually, but not always, a romantic one). Harris never did that, at least, not according to Hale’s account. Catfishing isn’t just the use of a pseudonym or the creation of an online persona. It’s creation of this persona with predatory intent. Harris blocked Hale from her Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. According to Hale, she responded to Hale’s tweets to and about her up to a point, but she certainly did not pursue any kind of relationship with Hale based on the events as Hale describes them.

Hale tried to hold her bully accountable by exposing her identity to the world and by harassing her at work and at home. Wu has also sought accountability against people who responded to her presence as a game designer and her criticism of sexism in gaming with ad hominem attacks and threats of violence. Wu brings the actions of her attackers to light in the media by citing specifics as opposed to making vague allegations. She does this in a context of highlighting a broader culture of misogyny. She also is working with the police and the FBI to get protection. She is encouraging her local politicians to make and enforce laws that protect people from online bullying, so that victims will have legal recourse. She doesn’t go to the homes of people who bully her to counter-harass them.

The Guardian has also published articles about #GamerGate that are sympathetic to #GamerGate’s victims. Among other things, they published an interview with Brianna Wu. I don’t know why they posted Hale’s article, especially since it’s presented so uncritically. I speculate that the Guardian saw both Wu and Hale as victims of bullying. Based on Hale’s account, the bully in her story isn’t the person who gave her a bad review and responded negatively to her tweets. The victim is Harris, who, like Wu, was harassed on and offline by someone who didn’t like her opinion.


I oppose bullying in any context. But based on Hale’s words, I’m left unconvinced that she was ever the victim of bullying, although I’ve no doubt that Hale’s feelings of entitlement and victimization are very real to her. I think that Harris equates herself with Wu – she sees herself as a victim. However, quantitatively speaking, the person who was victimized in Hale’s story was Harris. Hale’s actions are terrifying, just as the actions of the bullies using the #GamerGate hashtag are terrifying, and they stem from a similar sense of entitlement and fury in the face of criticism. To see Hale as a victim is not only to confuse the issue but also to demean the efforts of people like Wu to achieve safety on and offline.


There are many pressing issues in the world that require our attention. Why care so much about these two stories? These two stories are important because they speak to a greater issue. Women are being chased offline, made afraid to speak, told that we cannot have negative opinions about something. This is unacceptable. I write reviews under my real name (you can find it at Geek Girl in Love if you look under “Books By Me”). People like Hale and the worst users of #GamerGate make me wonder if I’m naïve and reckless. Maybe I should shut up. Maybe I should hide.  Luckily, there are people like Wu who inspire me to stay present and outspoken.  We won’t be leaving.

Between the Lines Book Club: Adam Johnson Round-Up

between the lines book club logoThanks for following along with Between the Lines Book Club, as we’ve studied The Orphan Master’s Son by Adam Johnson.  If you are in the Sacramento area, please join us at Arden Dimick Library, at 891 Watt Avenue in Sacramento, CA.  We’ll be meeting at 2PM on October 26th!

One of the fun things about reading this book is that Adam Johnson did so many interviews when the book was published.  I love hearing authors talk about their writing and in Johnson’s case there were dozens of interviews to choose from.

You can find basic background interviews with Adam Johnson here:


The Paris Review

The link below it to an in-depth interview in which he talks about the genesis of the book, the difficulties faced by North Koreans who escape, the differences between the city and the countryside, and other details of life in north Korea – it’s fascinating!

Entertainment Weekly

Here’s a video in which Adam Johnson does an interview about life inside North Korea:

Guest Post From Sarah Beth Durst: Music and Writing

photo of Sarah Beth DurstToday we have a guest post from Sarah Beth Durst, whose new book, Chasing Power, is out now!  Sarah has written in a variety of genres.  Her books include Vessel, Drink Slay Love, Ice, and my personal favorite, The Lost.  You can find an interview she did with Geek Girl when The Lost was published here.  

I have tried to write in silence. Also on beaches and mountainsides. And in coffee shops, where writers are supposed to sweat over words while guzzling lattes.

Doesn’t work for me.

Wish it did. I like coffee shops. And beaches. And mountains. But there’s too much glare on my laptop screen outside, and as for coffee shops… I’m a terrible eavesdropper.

And as for writing in silence… nope. I can last a little while. Sometimes, I might do a really focused bit of revision that requires it. But most days, if there’s too much silence, the words freeze up. I start listening to the hum of refrigerator or the tick of the clock. Or worse, I start listening to that little critical voice inside every writer’s head that says, “Those words aren’t good enough.”

Sometimes that little voice is useful. You need it in revision. But when you’re still finding the story… you need a way to shut that voice up so you can get some actual words on the page. For me, that way is music. The critical part of my brain is easily distracted by music. Guess it likes to sing along, because once the music is on, then I am free to think and write.

I often choose music that matches the mood of my stories. For my epic desert fantasy, VESSEL, I listened to a lot of Native American flute music. To write DRINK, SLAY, LOVE (my vampire girl and were-unicorn novel), I had a whole playlist that included “People Are Strange” by The Doors, “They” by Jem, “Ramalama Bang Bang” by Roisin Murphy, and “Walkin On the Sun” by Smash Mouth.

For my newest YA novel, CHASING POWER, I didn’t use a specific playlist. CHASING POWER is an Indiana-Jones kind of adventure about a girl with telekinesis. Kayla is sixteen years old, uses humor as a defense mechanism, and has a loose grasp on the concept of personal property (in other words, she uses her telekinesis to pick pockets and shoplift). She listens to whatever music is on the radio. So that’s what I did.

A few of Kayla’s favorites:

“Best Day of My Life” by American Authors

“Cups” by Anna Kendrick

“Another Postcard” by Barenaked Ladies

“Bad Day” by Daniel Powter

“Carry On” by Fun

“La La La” by Naughty Boy, featuring Sam Smith

And here’s what I wrote while listening:

Thanks so much for listening/reading!

cover of Chasing Power



The Bay Area: A Suburbanite Dreams of the Big City

San Francisco at nightI live about two hours from The Bay Area, that is to say, the area around San Francisco. I live in the suburbs. I get my writing done while I help my child with her homework and I get my reading done in the parking lot during field trips. If my life were Orphan Black, I’d be Alison, without the substance abuse. If my life were Buffy the Vampire Slayer, I’d be Joyce. I’ve always said I was Tara, but it’s a lie. I’m clearly Joyce. So although I live a life of great privilege, it’s not surprising that I sometimes long for a little escape – some adventure, something fresh and hip, something like…Life in the Bay Area.

We all idealize cities. Paris is where poets drink café au lait and eat croissants. The entire population of Paris consists of poets who are eating croissants as we speak. New York is full of women in their twenties who worry about clothes and who can’t pay their rent. Also, there are taxis. But the Bay Area – oh, my dear readers, the Bay Area is Where It’s At. Here’s my version of the Bay Area. I know it’s not real, don’t worry. But it’s my version, nonetheless:

Everyone in the Bay Area is either a genius or a poor, misguided soul who thinks he is a genius. Everyone is some kind of artist or some kind of scientist, or both. Literally every single author in the world except me (*sobs*) is at the same party in San Francisco right now, drinking wine and saying sparkling witty things. Even the poets from Paris fly in from time to time.

Everyone in the Bay Area has a day job that is glamorous. They usually work in publishing or for Google or a science start up that is developing faster than light travel. Of course some people work in restaurants but only to finance their artistic careers – spend 4 years as a waiter and you are guaranteed a book deal or a starring role on stage. It’s in your contract when you sign on.

No one in the Bay Area has children. This is the land of arts and sciences. It is not the land of cleaning up the bodily fluids of small loud humanoids. They are present in the daytime of course, at parks and museums, but they are bussed in. Likewise, there are a few park benches around the city at which loving elderly couples sit, holding hands. They are also bussed in for the day, to provide ambiance. You can rent a black Labrador Retriever to play with on the beach but other than that no one has pets, although many people have modern, sleek lots with improbably large aquariums that clean themselves. Supervillans (and there are a few – they live in the Transamerica building) are allowed to own sharks and white cats.

At night, everyone goes to a party or other group event. EVERYONE. It’s mandatory. The nature of the party is optional. It could be a grungy rave, a dinner party, posh cocktails and canapés at a loft, a poetry reading in a basement, or a fight at a bar, but no one is at home eating leftover pizza and watching Oprah, unless they are doing it ironically as part of a living art installation.

Everything in The Bay Area is within a 20-minute radius. No one drives. They teleport. Or take BART, which is always clean and convenient unless it’s being used for a music video about the sordidness of urban life.

In the daytime, the weather is sunny. At night, the skies are clear. At dusk and dawn, there is cinematic fog and it is cool enough to wear trench coats and nifty hats. At regularly scheduled intervals, there is a downpour of rain in which people passionately declare their love for one another and kiss on the sidewalk. It can be inconvenient if you’re just trying to walk down the street, but hey. That’s the price you pay for living in The Bay Area.

That’s my story and I’m sticking to it.

Between the Lines Book Club: The Orphan Master’s Club and Science Fiction

between the lines book club logoThe Orphan Master’s Son has been classified as a literary fiction, thriller, political commentary, love story, and dystopia.  It has characteristics of magical realism and although it is set in the recent past, tonally it matches science fiction dystopias like 1984 and the film Brazil.  This makes sense given the setting of North Korea, a mysterious country about which everything we know seems stranger than fiction.  Adam Johnson fills unknown spaces with details that feel at times otherworldly, as when Jun Do listens to transmissions that seem to come from beneath the sea before he realizes that they actually come from the International Space Station.  Other details feel futuristic, such as the autopilot machine invented by the interrogators of Division 42.

photo of Adam johnson

The speculative fiction tone of this contemporary piece also makes sense given that Adam Johnson’s previous work was science fiction.  His book, Emporium is an acclaimed collection of short stories in which a diverse cast of characters struggles to find meaning and connection as they deal with violence and imminent disaster.  His novel Parasites Like Us involves an anthropologist who inadvertently brings about the end of the world.

cover of Emporium

Finally, it turns out that the science fiction genre has allowed writers a little bit more freedom in North Korea than other forms of writing.  Science fiction has always been able to tackle taboo topics because authors can use metaphor to make their point.  According to Benoit Berthelier:

After a speech delivered by Kim Jong-Il in October 1988 called for the development of science fiction on a larger scale,[2] the number of sci-fi works grew significantly. From space travel to immortality or underwater exploration, sci-fi stories cover a wide range of subjects within settings that usually exceed the national boundaries of North Korea. If the country remains the central point of most plots, foreign characters–both positive and negative–are much more common than in traditional fiction.

According to Berthelier, everything written in North Korea has to send a message that the leadership desires.  In North Korean science fiction, there’s no individual genius science – science only happens when everyone works together as part of a hierarchy.  There are a lot of robots and no aliens, because of “the lack of scientific proof of a developed extraterrestrial life”.   But there are more foreigners than in most other North Korean fiction, and a wider range of settings and plot types.  While North Korean science fiction carefully toes the line of what’s acceptable, it gets to wiggle its toes a bit more than other genres do.

illustration from Explosion in the 3rd Dimension

Illustration for Explosion in the Third Dimension, by Han Seong-ho

Even though The Orphan Master’s Son is not science fiction, it uses the SF trick of metaphor to convey the unspeakable.  In an interview in the 2012 paperback edition, Johnson says that he didn’t want to write about all the horrible stories he heard of the atrocities in labor camps so he replaced them with forced blood donations.  This served as a straightforward depiction of atrocity but also as a metaphor of the state sucking the life out of its people.  Similarly, the persistent rumor in the book that there is no retirement village at Wonson and that retirees simply disappear is not based on fact (there’s a beach resort at Wonson but no retirement homes and no claim of retirement homes) but it serves as a fantastic metaphor for a dead-end – the idea that there is no possible happy ending and no escape.

Wednesday Videos Love How We Look

WednesdayVideoThis story by Micaela Blei had me in tears, but some of them were happy tears.  Go do what you like, y’all.  Be radiant.

On a similar note, here’s a link to a lovely essay by Bridgette White about the importance of being in the picture and seeing yourself the way you’re kids do.  It’s at

My Great-Grandmother-In-Law insisted that I include photos of myself in packages of photos of my husband and daughter, and that’s why I did not completely vanish from my daughter’s childhood.  Now that I’m spending more time at conventions doing public speaking, there are photos of me all by myself,  I’m learning to see past the height (short) the weight (over) the glasses and a certain appalling lack of fashion sense and see the excitement and joy of a woman coming into her own.

selfie at SDCC

My camping all night for San Diego Comic-Con Hall H selfie


An Interview With Laura Garwood

photo of Laura GarwoodToday we have an interview with Laura Garwood, a fellow writer from my town.  Somehow Laura and I never hang out despite the fact that we live in the same area, have at least one mutual friend, and have kids at the same school.  I’m not completely sure that she’s real – it’s possible that I hallucinate her into being whenever I need to read a Facebook post about how to remove nail polish from a keyboard (hint: learn to live with the nail polish).

A simpler explanation might be that Laura is crazy busy.  A single mom of three young children, she has a thriving career as a writer and editor.  Of all the moms and dads who I’ve interviewed who juggle writing and parenting, Laura writes most prolifically about this topic, and she offered to answer some questions about time management and about how parenting has changed her work.  You can find her at A Short-Winded Blog.

You wear many hats in your job – writer, editor, and advisor.  Can you tell us about what you do?

My work is divided among several hats. I run my own editing business and subcontract for various colleagues. In this arena, I largely edit book manuscripts, performing everything from big-picture developmental edits down to final proofreads. I also edit various other materials, such as essays, resumes, marketing materials, query letters, and academic works. I also do a lot of technical writing and editing for a private environmental firm in Sacramento and Sacramento State University. I teach a bit too, on writing and editing. In addition, I write essays and pen Short-Winded Blog, a humor/parenting blog. My most well-known post, “So You Think You Would Like to Have Three Children,” has had well over a million reads (to my complete surprise), and my work has appeared in local and national publications like a Chicken Soup for the Soul book, the Oregonian, and UC Davis magazine.

My writing and editing have been oddly social for me, and I really enjoy collaborating with other writers. I see my editing work as a collaboration, not the scary, corrective process some writers fear it will be, and my blogging has created a bit of a community around me, between supportive and kind readers and groups such as Writers Who Wine and Sacramento Bloggers.

If you could only give one piece of advice to a new writer, what would it be?

Hmmm, maybe hang in there? Writing is darned hard work. Starting a piece is hard work. Revising is hard work. Sending out queries is certainly hard work. It is well worth it to express yourself and share your works, but sometimes I watch people grow discouraged.

On your blog, you talk about being a single mom of three children.  How has motherhood changed the content of your writing?

Motherhood has radically changed my content. I never thought I would be here, but the vast majority of my writing is non-fiction/essays, even though I used to aspire to be a novelist. I have found my voice in sharing about my life, my family, my community, and my struggles. Writing essays comes more naturally to me than other kinds of writing. I still write poems and articles and I would enjoy writing some fiction, but I’m primarily a woman who writes about the stuff of daily life. Some of where I have ended up has been a fluke–I started writing again in much more earnest after my motherhood essay was accepted into the Listen to Your Mother show, and I submitted that essay after barely writing anything for myself for several years.

As an incredibly busy person, what time management tips do you have for us?  What does your average day look like?  

Oh, man. Welcome to the biggest struggle of my life–balancing time, energy, demands, and priorities. I am a fairly structured person, and I find it important to maintain that structure and pretty specific boundaries in my life as a businesswoman. I work working hours–and when I “cheat,” I try to avoid sending emails so that clients don’t begin to think I am on call. I learned that the hard way. I also try to stay in the present with my children and friends, and stay present in my work when my children are in school. I don’t want to waste my working time when they are gone and then have to work when they’re actually here. And I also need and deserve rest, so when I’m tempted to catch up on that deadline after bedtime, I try to resist when I don’t actually need to. I’m a single mom, and I need my energy to be a good editor, a good mom, and a happy person.

Most of us have a lot of balls in the air.  What are some of the things you think people can let go of?  How do you bring balance to your life, or is there such a thing?

There is no balance. There is simply prioritizing and letting things go. I try to focus on each thing in its own time, rather than cleaning when I should be working and working when I should be visiting with my relatives. I drop the balls sometimes, and it’s tempting to beat myself up when I show up at an event without realizing it was potluck or when I discover my child’s lunch in the refrigerator partway through the afternoon. As a small-business-operating single mother of three young children, I am mostly in it for survival. I need to go to the gym even if I feel guilty because it helps me manage anxiety. I don’t go as often as I’d like, however. I need to get enough sleep because I need to be functional, patient even, and I can’t catch up on rest later. I need to keep cultivating my friendships, because they are what have kept me afloat thus far. I need to take the time to focus on things that are more important than tasks, like relationships–even when it stresses me out a bit! And when my kids are available as helpers or people offer me help, by gosh, I take it because I need it. Fold the clothes wrong or put the dishes away in the wrong place? Who cares! I was able to sit down or read a story to my kid for fifteen precious minutes because my mom unloaded the dishwasher.

What do you wish writers knew about publishing?

It’s a world of possibilities, and the different routes are perfect for different goals. If you just want to share your work with friends and family, blog or self-publish and enjoy having control over your content. If you want a best-selling novel, try pitching your novel to an agent working with traditional publishers. If your work has a specialty niche, consider self-publishing or working with a small, specialized publisher. But as someone with a master’s in publishing, I hate to see people not make the most of the path they’ve chosen. Hire a professional to walk you through the self-publishing process if you are overwhelmed by choices or not very tech-savvy. Hire indie professionals to edit, format, and proofread your work, not some kind of built-in service that doesn’t really connect you with the people working on your book. Do your homework. Ask people their opinions.

Between the Lines Book Club: The Orphan Master’s Son and the Real North Korea

between the lines book club logoThe Orphan Master’s Son describes the life of a North Korean,  It was written by an American, who did extensive research on North Korea and who visited North Korea in preparation for the novel.  Still, the author took a great deal of artistic license in the story – filling in some of the many gaps in what we know about North Korea and inventing some details to increase the atmosphere of dread.  He also omitted some stories because he felt they were simply too awful.  In various interviews, Adam Johnson has emphasized that his goal was less to portray a factually accurate North Korea and more to create an emotional true story of living under oppression.

By Eric Lafforgue

Photo by Eric Lafforgue

In an interview that is included with the 2012 paperback edition of The Orphan Master’s Son, Johnson talks about how he chose what to fabricate and why:

Since I wasn’t allowed to speak to, except through a minder, the people I met in Pyongyang – museum docent, chefs, bus drivers – I really wanted to bring a citizen of Pyongyang to life.  Hence I created the character of the interrogator, a person who could show us the apartment buildings and subways and night markets of the capital.  I faced many challenges in building this portrait, though.  People in Pyongyang tend not to defect and therefore don’t bring their stories to the outside world, so how they live is a greater mystery.  And very little is known about the North Korean secret police…I drew on as many sources as I could, and while this character’s sections may not be as grounded in fact, I felt that emotionally it was the truest portion of the book in terms of how self-censorship and paranoia could corrode the bonds of family, even between a parent and child, until all was distrust and fear, until the very poles of love had been reversed.

Later in the interview, Johnson says:

I felt I actually had to tone down much of the real darkness of North Korea, as in the kwan li so gulags…that I invented the blood harvesting as a less savage stand-in, one that was simple and visceral, for the ways that the Kim regime stole every drop of life from citizens it had sentenced to an eternity of slave labor.

Photographer Eric Lafforgue visited North Korea six times.  In this collection of photos printed in Business Insider, he says that he likes capturing the real emotions of people: “They’re not robots”.  Johnson shares similar sentiments in the 2012 interview, saying, “The people there are just as human as we are, driven by the same needs and motivations.  They have many rules to follow, but as long as they are careful and cautious, a fairly normal life can be lived”.  Here is a video of Lafforgue talking about one of his trips to North Korea, and how he is able to get pictures of privilege and privation.  I wasn’t able to embed it but the link will take you to the video.

Photo by Eric Lafforgue

Photo by Eric Lafforgue

Much of what we know about North Korea comes from refugees who speak about their lives there.  The organization Liberty in North Korea works to draw attention to the people who live in North Korea, making it a more immediate human issue rather than a political one.  They do a lot of work with helping refugees leave North Korea and China (most refugees end up in China, where they live illegally and can be returned to North Korea if they are discovered) and resettle.  This is a long video (about half an hour) but well-worth watching – it’s about a young man who escaped from North Korea as a teenager.  Warning – there is some graphic, violent footage.

Ultimately, as Adam Johnson says in the 2012 interview, “The reality is we’ll know the try way to write a novel set in North Korea when North Korean novelists become free to tell their own stories.  I hope that day comes soon”.

Some writings about North Korea are:

Escape From Camp 14:  One Man’s Remarkable Odyssey from North Korea to Freedom in the West, by Blaine Hardin

cover of Escape from Camp 14

The Aquariums of Pyongyang: Ten Years in the North Korean Gulag, by Chol-hwan Kang

cover of Aquariums of Pyongyang

Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Citizens in North Korea, by Barbara Demick

cover of Nothing to Envy

Wednesday Videos Love Jane Eyre

WednesdayVideoJane Eyre was published on October 6. 1847.  In honor of this auspicious event, here’s a clip from my very favorite adaptation, the 2006 version starring Ruth Wilson (that smile!) and Toby Stephens (swoon).  I love how this scene combines Rochester being both a bit of a bully and a at the same time reveals his compassion – look at his face when Jane says that her relatives sent her to school because she was poor.  and I love how in this scene Ruth Wilson shows Jane’s shyness and vulnerability, but also shows her being a little daring, teasing Rochester about the money he still owes her.  Here you go:

If you’re interested in adaptations of Jane Eyre, check out my book, Pride, Prejudice, and Popcorn:  TV and Film Adaptations of Pride and Prejudice, Wuthering Heights, and Jane Eyre.  You can find it here:




Hello from Convolution and HRM Steampunk

photoPart of me has this dream of just bouncing from convention to convention forever and part of me, having done two conventions in two weekends, is so, so happy to be home.  Basically, I had a fantastic time at Convolution and at the High Rollers and Mavericks Steampunk Symposium.  And now I’m tired.  And I’m ready to go to Convolution 2015, but I have to wait until 2015!

Convolution was so delightful.  Honestly, I can’t even begin to tell you.  I experienced two glitches – one, I was mysteriously locked out of a room (this was rapidly resolved) and two, I was booked to be in two panels at one time (even in a building full of mad scientists and time travelers, I could not resolve this).  Considering the size of the event, and the fact that it went on for four days, I thought that was impressive.

I was a Featured Guest of Honor, which means I hung out with the Guests of Honor, which means I met Marie Brennan and almost choked to death when I realized who she was and now Marie and I are TOTALLY BFF’S!  If you aren’t familiar with the Lady Trent series, you should be.  It’s delightful.  Above all, I got to hang out with the people I met last year at Convolution plus new friends (me and Tanya Huff and Taunya Gren compared how many pets we had while I fangirled internally).  I was also on a panel with Gail Carriger and now my life is complete.

An evil corporation of evil got me to try on an outfit.  It cost $450.  I did not buy it.  I want it.  Sadness reigns o’er my heart.  If you want to feel my pain, check these guys out – you can get lovely things from them for much less than $450.  Firebird Fae Couture makes blouses, skirts, and other fabric confections and Blue Moon Designs makes belts and bustles THAT LIGHT UP.  I was dying, you guys.  DYING.

Here’s the thing – I did not take a single picture.  Sorry, guys.  Not even one.  I was on panels almost the whole time and I forgot to take pics.  Did I get a pic of the thing where you could shoot Darth Vader with a nerd gun for charity?  Or the ball pit of hilarity? Or the dead astronaut?  No, I did not.  You must  picture these things in your mind.

Then I came home and…went to HRM Steampunk Symposium in Old Sac.  This was a less well-coordinated event.  Not much programming, although what there was, was great.  It was hard to find things.  It was hard to get panels set up.

BUT – it was a weekend of steampunk in Old Sacramento, and, once again, everyone I met was delightful.  Here’s an example – I was wearing a nautilus pen from Steamy Tech and when they realized that part of it was broken, they repaired it for me, for free, on the spot.  Steamy Tech was donating a portion of their profits to this gofundmeproject:  Helping Robert.  Robert is a Gulf War veteran with health problems related to his service.  Please take a look.

I’ve very much enjoyed getting involved with the Sacramento Steampunk Society and I hung out at their booth and took some pics:



Waiting for a train at the Old Sacramento station.




These travelers say they want to go to Disneyland. To see the Steampunk art exhibit on Main Street, I presume.



The dragon only bites a little.


Two sophisticated travelers and one beat-up diver waiting for a train at the Old Sacramento Waiting Room

Clockwork parrot! It talked, it moved, it said “pretty bird”, it stole my heart.

OK, I have to go take a nap!  And then get ready for the next round of convention fun!  Can’t Wait for the summer round:  RT Booklovers, Baycon, and, hopefully, San Diego Comic-Con.  Whee!

Happy Birthday, Jane Eyre!

cover of Jane EyreToday is the day that Jane Eyre was first published, back in 1847!  Jane Eyre is one of may favorite books.  I have two copies on my bookshelf, one on my phone, one in my car, and one wrapped in plastic and stored in my earthquake kit (I live in California and we have earthquake kits – it’s a thing).  Jane and I have been fast friends since I was ten and first discovered the book.

Here’s a few things you might not know about the story:

  • The character of Helen was based on Charlotte’s sister, Maria, who died at the age of 11 when she and Charlotte were both in boarding school.
  • The original version was published in three separate volumes.
  • Charlotte Bronte worked as a governess for a while.  She also was a student of German and fell in love with her teacher, who was married.  Unlike Jane, Charlotte did not marry the teacher bu returned to England alone.
  • Charlotte published Jane Eyre under the pen name ‘Currer Bell’.

Ready for the best quote?  Here you go:

“Do you think I am an automaton? — a machine without feelings? and can bear to have my morsel of bread snatched from my lips, and my drop of living water dashed from my cup? Do you think, because I am poor, obscure, plain, and little, I am soulless and heartless? You think wrong! — I have as much soul as you — and full as much heart! And if God had gifted me with some beauty and much wealth, I should have made it as hard for you to leave me, as it is now for me to leave you. I am not talking to you now through the medium of custom, conventionalities, nor even of mortal flesh: it is my spirit that addresses your spirit; just as if both had passed through the grave, and we stood at God’s feet, equal — as we are!”

That’s my girl!

Charlotte Bronte

Charlotte Bronte

For more cool stuff about Jane Eyre check out my book, Pride, Prejudice, and Popcorn:  TV and Film Adaptations of Pride and Prejudice, Wuthering Heights, and Jane Eyre.  You can find it here: