This may be the most personally exciting History’s Hidden Heroes installment ever. Why is the story of Sophia Jex-Blake and Margaret Todd not a series on BBC? Can I make it one? Can David Tennant be involved somehow? Seriously, how is this not a movie?
Sophia Jex-Blake was born to traditional parents who refused to allow her to attend college. Once she overcame their objections, she attended Queens College, alongside future education reform leader Dorotha Beale. Sophia befriended leading feminists and suffragette. She decided to pursue becoming a doctor, but had to go to the University of Edinburgh because British medical schools did not allow women to attend. Sophia was one of the Edinburgh Seven – the first seven female students at the University. The seven women faced great opposition including being barred from the gates and attacked by a mob.
Once Sophia passed her exams, she was forbidden to practice medicine in Britain because of her gender. In 1877, Russell Gurney convinced parliament to pass a law that empowered medical school to issue degrees to both male and female students. Sophia became a practicing doctor in 1877 and opened a clinic that served low-income women.
Margaret Todd became a student at the newly opened Edinburgh School for Women in 1886. while she was studying, she was also writing a novel: Mona Maclean, Medical Student. She graduated from medical school in 1894, and Mona was published under the name Graham Travers in the same year. Margaret was a friend of chemist Frederick Soddy and she provided him with a word that is vital to discussion of radioactive particles today: “isotope”
Margaret and Sophia were romantic partners until Sophia’s death in 1912. Margaret died shortly after publishing a biography of Sophia.
For a great article including political cartoons of the time and some excerpts from Margaret’s book, go to Women in Science. I cannot wait to read Mona Maclean, Medical Student! I also used the site Celtic Life International, which pointed out the injustice in the fact that Margaret Todd, medical practitioner for years and author of six novels and a biography, is only remembered for a word she suggested to a male friend.